Two Science Viewpoints

Two Viewpoints Have Existed in Science for Centuries 

Two Interpretive Worldviews

There are at this present time, and for the most part there always have been, two conflicting worldviews in the field of science. There has been much debate over whether this world we live in was the result of an undirected process, or the result of a directed purpose. Consider the following two types of interpretations:

Undirected Process Formation - Naturalism

All which we see and observe in nature is the result of an undirected process which produces complexity. This was accomplished through the process of mutation, migration (gene flow), genetic drift, and natural selection as mechanisms of change.
(Also referred to as Evolution.)

Directed Purpose Formation - Supernatural

All we see and observe in nature is the result of a directed purpose which produced complexity. This was accomplished through a purposeful intervention of outside intelligence.
(Also referred to as Creation.)

Keep in Mind - Real Science:

What we actually observe and know.

20 Notable Naturalistic Scientists:

Isaac Asimov - Columbia University (B.S., M.A., Ph.D.)

Charles Darwin - Christ's College, Cambridge (1828–1831), University of Edinburgh Medical School (1825–1827), Shrewsbury School

Erasmus Darwin - St. John’s College, Cambridge – Cambridge University

Richard Dawkins - University of Oxford (MA, Ph.D. Phil)

Theodosius Dobzhansky - University of Kiev

Alan Feduccia - B.S. from Louisiana State University, M.A. and Ph.D. (1969) from the University of Michigan.

Stephen Jay Gould - Columbia University (1967), Antioch College (1963)

Ernst Haeckel – University of Berlin (M.D.) – taught at University of Jena

J.B.S. Haldane - Eton College - New College, part of the University of Oxford

James Hutton - Leiden University (1794), University of Paris, University of Edinburgh

Julian Huxley - Eton and Balliol College, Oxford.

Jean-Baptiste Lamarck

Charles Lyell - Exeter College, Oxford, University of Oxford, King's College London (Law degree)

Ernst Mayr - University of Greifswald, Humboldt University of Berlin

Kenneth Miller - University of Colorado Boulder (1974), Brown University (1970)

Richard Owen - Lancaster Grammar School - Royal College of Surgeons of England

Carl Sagan - University of Chicago

Eugenie Scott - University of Missouri, University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee

George Gaylord Simpson - Yale University (1926), East High School, University of Colorado Boulder

George Wald - Columbia University (1932)


20 Notable Supernaturalist Scientists:

Steven Austin - B.S. (Geology), University of Washington, Seattle, WA,1970 - M.S. (Geology), San Jose State University, San Jose, CA, 1971 - Ph.D. (Geology), Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, 1979

Francis Bacon - Trinity College, Cambridge, University of Cambridge, University of Poitiers

Raymond Bohlin - University of Illinois (B.S., zoology, 1971-1975), the University of North Texas (M.S., population genetics, 1977-1980), and the University of Texas at Dallas (M.S., Ph.D., molecular and cell biology, 1984-1991).

Robert Boyle - Eton College (1635–1638), University College, Oxford

Nigel Brush - B.S., English Bible, Cincinnati Bible College - B.A., Anthropology, The Ohio State University - M.A., Archaeological Method and Theory , U of Southampton - Ph.D., Anthropology, UCLA - Post-doctoral Work, Geology, The Ohio State University - Post-doctoral Work, Geology, Akron University

Paul Davies - Ph.D. Physics, University College London 1970 - B.S. Physics, University College London 1967

Michael Denton - University of Toronto, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, King's College London, University of Bristol

Albert Einstein - Undergraduate teaching degree in physics and mathematics, Swiss Federal Polytechnic Institute, Zurich, 1901.

PhD in physics, University of Zurich, 1905.

Robert Gange - Educated in five universities (Ph.D. 1978 for extensive research on the application of cryophysics to information storage and retrieval systems) - research scientist, NJ State certified professional engineer, and an adjunct professor. He was on staff for over 25 years at the David Sarnoff Research Center in Princeton, New Jersey

Werner Gitt - Engineering from the Technical University in Hanover, Germany - head of the Department of Information Technology at the German Federal Institute of Physics and Technology (Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt [PTB], in Braunschweig)

Russell Humphreys - B.S., Duke University, Durham, NC, 1963

Ph.D., Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA

Lord Kelvin (William Thomson) - Peterhouse, Cambridge (1841–1845), University of Glasgow, Royal Belfast Academical Institution

Dean Kenyon - BS in physics from the University of Chicago in 1961 and a Ph.D. in biophysics from Stanford University in 1965. In 1965-1966 he was a National Science Foundation Postdoctoral Fellow in Chemical Biodynamics at the University of California, Berkeley

Johannes Kepler - University of Tübingen (1591–1594)

Jason Lisle - He graduated summa cum laude from Ohio Wesleyan University where he double-majored in physics and astronomy and minored in mathematics. He then earned a master’s degree and a Ph.D. in astrophysics at the University of Colorado in Boulder.

Isaac Newton - Trinity College, Cambridge

Gary Parker - B.A. in Biology/Chemistry, M.S. in Biology/Physiology, and Ed.D. in Biology/Geology from Ball State University

Louis Pasteur - College Royal at Besançon - Ecole Normale Superieure (M.S.)

Roger Patterson - BS Ed degree in biology from Montana State University

Scott Todd - Postdoctoral Fellow, Oncology. Stanford University Medical Center, Division of Oncology Ph.D., Immunology. University of California, San Diego, CA B.S., Microbiology, Cum Laude. Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS